The 10 Standard Fire Orders were developed in 1957 by a task
force studying ways to prevent firefighter injuries and
fatalities. Shortly after the Standard Fire Orders were
incorporated into firefighter training, the "18 Situations that
Shout Watch Out" were developed. These 18 Situations are more
specific and cautionary than the Standard Fire Orders and
described situations that expand the 10 points of the Fire Orders.
If firefighters follow the 10 Standard Fire Orders and are alerted
to the 18 Watch Out Situations, much of the risk of firefighting
can be reduced.
The National Wildfire Coordinating Group recently approved the
revision of the 10 Standard Fire Orders in accordance with their
original arrangement. The original arrangement of the Orders are
logically organized to be implemented systematically and applied
to all fire situations.
1. Keep informed on fire weather conditions and
2. Know what your fire is doing at all times.
3. Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the
4. Identify escape routes and make them known.
5. Post lookouts when there is possible danger.
6. Be alert. Keep calm. Think clearly. Act decisively.
7. Maintain prompt communications with your forces, your
supervisor and adjoining forces.
8. GIve clear instructions and insure they are
9. Maintain control of your forces at all times.
If 1-9 are considered, then...
10. Fire fire aggressively, having provided for safety
The 10 Standard Fire Orders are firm. We don't break them;
We don't bend them. All firefighters have a Right to a safe
Watch Out Situations
1. Fire not
scouted and sized up.
2. In country no seen in daylight.
3. Safety zones and escape routes not identified.
4. Unfamiliar with weather and local factors.
5. Uninformed on strategy, tactics and hazards.
6. Instructions and assignments not clear.
7. No communications link with crew members/supervisors.
8. Constructing line without safe anchor points.
9. Building fireline downhill with fire below.
10. Attempting frontal assault with fire below.
11. Unburned fuel between you and the fireline.
12. Cannot see main fire, not in contact with anyonewho
13. On a hillside where rolling material can ignite
14. Weather isw getting hotter and drier.
15. Wind increases and/or changes direction.
16. Getting frequent spot fires across line.
17. Terrain and fuels make escape to safety zone
18. Taking a nap near the fire line.
BE SAFE OUT THERE!